Best Vegan Blueberry Muffins

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These bakery-style vegan blueberry muffins are fluffy, tender, and full of fresh blueberry flavor. And a crunchy and caramelized bountiful muffin top separates them from your standard blueberry muffin. Easy to make gluten-free.
Prep 25 minutes
Cook 23 minutes
Total 48 minutes
5 from 148 votes

Pillowy, tender, and bursting with a generous amount of juicy blueberries and zippy lemon, these Vegan Blueberry Muffins are sure to become a favorite in your household.

With their bountiful muffin tops and a crunchy and caramelized walnut crumble topping, these are next-level bakery-style muffins that are a step above your standard muffin.

Bonus: they’re easy to make gluten-free (and they’re neither gummy nor dry!) and they freeze perfectly.

Table of Contents
1. Why this recipe works
2. Ingredient notes
3. Step-by-step instructions
4. Expert tips
5. Frequently Asked Questions
6. Recipe card

vegan blueberry muffin with bite shot on parchment paper with other muffins in background.

Why this recipe works

These muffins are fluffy and moist.

Muffins, especially vegan muffins, can often be too chewy or dense. To avoid that, I use a mix of vegan “buttermilk” and a good amount of leavening agents for lots of fluffiness. Creamy oat milk, a generous amount of blueberries, and brown sugar in addition to cane sugar all give the muffins the right amount of moisture.

These are bakery-style muffins.

These muffins rise high, have a bountiful muffin top with an irresistible crumble topping, and perfectly golden browned muffin sides and bottoms. To achieve all that, this recipe does the following:

First, we fill the muffin tins to the top with batter, which yields a large (but not too large) and glorious muffin. If you fill to just 2/3 or 3/4 full as many recipes instruct, you get smaller muffins.

Second, adding a walnut-brown sugar crumble topping takes muffins to the next level, adding a crunchy, almost caramelized texture that contrasts wonderfully with the tender, fluffy muffin bottoms.

Third, not lining your pan with muffin liners gets you smooth edges and a golden brown exterior, instead of soggy and pale ridged edges.

Finally, starting the muffins in a hot oven at 425ºF, then reducing the temperature to 350ºF (without opening the oven door) jumpstarts the leavening agents. This yields higher-rising muffins with a bit of crunchy top yet a soft, tender middle.

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There are blueberries in every bite.

Berry muffins are sometimes unevenly distributed, with most of the berry action concentrated at the bottom (the berries sink the bottom during baking). And lots of moisture on the bottom = soggy bottomed muffins.

Here, we scoop roughly half of the batter into muffin tins before adding the blueberries to the remaining batter, which prevents them from sinking to the bottom.

blueberry muffins with crumble topping in muffin tin, two muffins spilling out.

Ingredient notes

labeled ingredients for vegan blueberry muffins on wooden board.

Fresh blueberries. Blueberries are in abundance right now and are SO delicious here. Be sure to rinse and dry them well before adding them to the batter to avoid excess moisture. If using frozen berries, read the FAQ tip.

Vegan butter. The best muffins (and cakes) in my experience use a combination of oil and butter. Oil keeps them moist, while (vegan) butter brings the flavor. Muffins made with just oil are usually a bit lacking in flavor.

All-purpose flour. Brings the structure that vegan, egg-free muffins need. If you have a gluten allergy, check out the FAQ section for a gluten-free substitute (we tested it and it works great!).

Brown sugar + cane sugar. Adding some brown sugar adds more moisture and flavor than using just white sugar.

Lemons. A blueberry muffin is already delicious, but a blueberry muffin with zippy, fragrant lemon zest is even better. Adding the zest of two lemons, first to the batter and then in the topping, makes for an extra flavorful muffin.

Walnuts. These, along with brown sugar, add a nutty crumble topping that takes these muffins from good to great. If allergic to tree nuts, you can omit the topping or you can try using rolled oats instead.

Step-by-step instructions

Make the crumble topping. In a bowl, combine the finely chopped walnuts, brown sugar, lemon zest, and salt. Stir together until well combined.

Whisk together the dry ingredients in a medium bowl: flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, nutmeg, brown sugar, and cane sugar.

Whisk together the wet ingredients in a large bowl: oat milk mixed with lemon juice, zest of one lemon, flax eggs, melted vegan butter, oil, vanilla and almond extracts.

Add the dry ingredients to the wet. Use a silicone spatula to gently combine the ingredients until just combined. Don’t overmix!

The muffin batter should be quite thick, almost scoopable (see photo 7). Spoon a heaping tablespoon of the batter into each greased muffin tin—you’ll only be adding roughly half of the batter to the muffin tin at this time (photo 8).

Now, add the blueberries to the remaining muffin batter in the bowl, and fold gently with a silicone spatula.

Fill each muffin tin with the leftover blueberry muffin batter to the top. Sprinkle the crumbling topping onto each muffin.

Bake the muffins at 425ºF/218ºC for 6 minutes. Without opening the oven door, reduce the temperature to 350ºF/175ºC and keep baking for an additional 16 to 18 minutes, until a toothpick inserted inside the muffins comes out clean or with a few crumbs.

vegan blueberry muffins in muffin tin, with two muffins removed and filled with blueberries.

Tips for the best vegan blueberry muffins

Weigh your ingredients (or spoon and level your flour).

If you don’t use a scale to weigh out ingredients (the preferred method for baking), be sure to correctly measure the flour: spoon the flour out of its bag or container into a measuring cup. Once the flour mounds at the top of the measuring cup, level it off evenly with a knife.

Don’t overmix the batter.

Where a tender texture is desired in a baked good, you want to avoid mixing the batter too much. Just 15 to 20ish strokes with a silicone spatula or wooden spoon should be enough to incorporate the dry and wet ingredients. No need for an electric mixer.

Muffin batter should be thick and scoopable.

Muffin batter is thicker than cake batter, but not quite as thick as cookie dough. Check out step photo #7 above to see how thiccc it should be. For some reason, if your batter isn’t that thick, you can add a bit more flour and stir to combine gently.

Spray the muffin tins generously and skip the muffin liners.

I don’t like using muffin liners for a few reasons:

(1) Muffin liners prevent the sides from browning and instead make them ridged and often soggy.

(2) The liners often stick to the muffin, so you lose some muffin on the liner.

(3) Liners actually inhibit the muffins from rising to their true potential.

If you generously grease a nonstick muffin pan with cooking spray (I use avocado oil spray) or brush it with oil, there will be no sticking and you’ll be rewarded with perfect textured muffins. I promise! Be sure to spray the bottoms and sides. This is the muffin tin I use (affiliate link).

As you see in the step photos #8-10 above, you will likely see some extra oil or cooking spray on the top of the pan. I like to leave it there, as it makes it easier to remove the baked muffins from the tin.

Don’t open the oven door during baking.

Opening the oven door during baking even for a couple seconds can reduce the oven temperature significantly. This is especially a no-no during the first half of baking, when the muffins do most of their rising. Resist any temptation you might have to peek on the muffins to see how they’re doing!

Don’t let muffins cool in the pan too long

You should remove the baked muffins from the pan after 20 minutes (or 30 minutes, if you must). If you leave them in the pan too long after baking, they can develop super sad soggy bottoms.

Make a double batch and freeze them.

When blueberries are in season, I highly recommend making a double batch and freezing leftovers. was shocked when I tasted one of these defrosted muffins. The blueberry flavor was more concentrated and delicious than the fresh muffins! Of course, the texture is not 100% the same, but they’re still excellent.

flatlay of vegan blueberry muffins on linen with middle muffin sliced open to show texture.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I make these muffins gluten-free?

In our testing, we had great results with the following changes to the recipe:

(1) Use 1 1/2 cups (200g) of a 1:1 all-purpose gluten-free flour (use a blend with xanthan gum; we used Bob’s Red Mill 1:1 gluten-free all-purpose flour) and 1 1/4 cups (136g) of oat flour instead of the all-purpose flour.

(2) Use less liquid: 1 cup (240 mL) oat milk instead of 1 1/4 cups.

(3) Allow to rest in the muffin tins for slightly longer, 25 to 30 minutes. Exercise care when removing the muffins, as they’re a bit more delicate.

How can I make these muffins more wholesome?

You can replace 3/4 cup (94g) of the all-purpose flour with 3/4 cup almond flour (75g). Or sub all of the all-purpose flour with white spelt flour, or use 2 cups (224g) spelt flour and 3/4 cup (75g) blanched almond flour.

You can also reduce the overall sugar amount from 25 to 50% (FYI these muffins aren’t very sweet as is). You can also sub coconut sugar for the cane sugar and brown sugar but the muffins may not be as moist, as coconut sugar is drier. You might want to sub in 1 tablespoon of maple syrup instead.

Can I use frozen blueberries?

Fresh berries will be best, but if you don’t have access to them or if it’s winter, be sure to thaw them first. Rinse them a few times (read here on why rinsing frozen blueberries for muffins is helpful here). Drain most of the liquid that the berries release to avoid watering down the batter too much and pat dry with some towels.

Can I replace the oat milk with another plant-based milk?

We’ve tried these muffins with soy milk with good results. I tend to use oat milk in baking because it browns the best.

How should I store these muffins? Can I freeze them?

Berry muffins will stay good in an airtight container or bag on the counter for 2 to 3 days, or in the fridge for 5 to 6 days. And yes, these muffins freeze exceptionally well! Once cooled, add them to an airtight freezer-safe bag or container and freeze for up to 3 months. Defrost in the fridge or at room temperature.

closeup of vegan blueberry muffins with walnut brown sugar crumble in muffin tin.

More delicious vegan breakfast recipes

Obviously, these muffins are great on their own, but if you’re looking for a breakfast pairing, I recommend my High-Protein Mocha Latte or Golden Milk Turmeric Latte.

If you’re serving weekend brunch, an epic vegan brunch spread would include my perfect Tofu Scramble, a big green salad (or choose from a variety of salads), and these blueberry muffins.

If you love these Vegan Blueberry Muffins as much as we do, please rate and review the recipe below :) And I love seeing your remakes, so tag me on Instagram!

Vegan Blueberry Muffins

5 from 148 votes
These bakery-style vegan blueberry muffins are fluffy, tender, and full of fresh blueberry flavor. And a crunchy and caramelized bountiful muffin top separates them from your standard blueberry muffin. Easy to make gluten-free.
Prep Time: 25 minutes
Cook Time: 23 minutes
Total Time: 48 minutes
Cuisine: American
Diet Vegan, Vegetarian
Serving size: 12 muffins

Ingredients

  • 8 ounces (227g) fresh blueberries (about 1 ½ cups) (see Note 1)
  • 2 tablespoons ground flaxseed meal
  • 1 1/4 cups (300 mL) oat milk
  • 1 medium lemon, zested + 1 tablespoon juice
  • 2 3/4 cups (345g) all-purpose flour, spooned and leveled (see Note 2 for GF option)
  • 2 ¼ teaspoons baking powder
  • ¼ teaspoon baking soda
  • ½ teaspoon fine sea salt
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg (optional, adds more depth of flavor)
  • ½ cup (100g) organic cane sugar
  • ¼ cup (38g) loosely packed organic brown sugar
  • 3 tablespoons neutral-flavored oil (sunflower oil, avocado oil, canola oil, etc.)
  • 3 tablespoons (42g) vegan butter, melted (recommended, but can use more oil)
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • ¼ teaspoon almond extract (or just sub in an extra ½ tsp of vanilla)

Walnut Crumble

  • cup (37g) walnuts, finely chopped
  • packed cup (50g) organic brown sugar
  • 1 medium lemon, zested
  • Pinch of sea salt

Instructions

  • Wash and dry your blueberries in a towel. You want them to be dry before using.
  • Preheat the oven to 425ºF/218ºC. Generously grease a standard 12-cup muffin tin on the bottoms and sides with coconut oil or cooking spray–be generous to avoid sticking (see Note 3).
  • In a small bowl, whisk together the flaxseed meal and 5 tablespoons of warm water. Set aside for 10 to 15 minutes to gel up.
  • Zest the lemon and set the zest aside for step 6. Juice the lemon and add one tablespoon of juice to the oat milk ("buttermilk"). Stir and set aside for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Make the Walnut Crumble: In a small bowl, mix the finely chopped walnuts, brown sugar, zest of 1 lemon, and pinch of salt until well combined.
  • In a medium bowl, whisk together the dry ingredients: flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, nutmeg, cane sugar, and the 1/4 cup brown sugar.
    In a large bowl, whisk together the wet ingredients: buttermilk, lemon zest, prepared flax eggs, oil, melted butter, vanilla, and almond extract.
    Add the dry ingredients to the wet, using a silicone spatula or wooden spoon and stir until just combined, but do not over mix.****
    Do not mix in the blueberries at this point.
  • Drop a heaping tablespoonful of the batter into the bottom of each muffin cup, making sure to cover the bottom of the tin. You'll only add roughly half of the batter to the muffin tins at this time.
  • Now, add the blueberries to the remaining batter in the bowl and use a silicone spatula to gently fold them in. Divide the blueberry muffin batter evenly into the muffin cups, filling to the top. Sprinkle the Walnut Crumble evenly over each muffin.
  • Bake at 425ºF/218ºC for 6 minutes, or until muffins have risen nicely. Then, without opening the oven door, reduce the heat to 350ºF/175ºC.
    Bake for another 16 to 18 minutes, or until a toothpick comes out clean or with a few crumbs.
  • Transfer to a cooling rack and cool for 20 minutes. Use a small offset spatula or butter knife to loosen the muffins. Store cooled muffins in an airtight container on the counter for 2 to 3 days, or in the fridge for 5 to 6 days, or up to 3 months in the freezer.

Notes

1. If using frozen blueberries, rinse them a few times and drain most of the liquid to avoid watering down the batter too much. Pat dry with some towels. 
2. I highly recommend using a digital scale for weighing ingredients when baking. If not, be sure to use the spoon-and-level method to avoid over-measuring flour. 
To make these muffins gluten-free: 
  • Swap the AP flour with a mix of 1 1/2 cups (200g) of a 1:1 all-purpose gluten-free flour + 1 1/4 cups (136g) of oat flour. 
  • Use just 1 cup (240 mL) of oat milk. 
3. Generously greasing the muffin tins, instead of using muffin liners, yields a better texture and higher-rising muffins. But if using liners, you can skip the greasing step. 
4. The muffin batter should be thick and scoopable. 
5. If you have trouble loosening the muffins from the tins, soak a dish towel with very hot water. Wring it out (you may want to wear oven mitts). Place the towel underneath the muffin tin. Rest for 10 minutes. The steam should help loosen the muffins. 

Calories: 293kcal | Carbohydrates: 49g | Protein: 4g | Fat: 10g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 5g | Monounsaturated Fat: 2g | Trans Fat: 1g | Sodium: 242mg | Potassium: 123mg | Fiber: 3g | Sugar: 23g | Vitamin A: 67IU | Vitamin C: 11mg | Calcium: 107mg | Iron: 2mg

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279 comments on Best Vegan Blueberry Muffins

  1. Maddie

    5 stars
    Thank you so much for such a great recipe. I love the fact that you have a section explaining how to tweak it to make it GF. I followed everything to the letter, except for the walnut crumb; I added cinnamon to it because my husband LOVES cinnamon. I cannot wait to try more of your recipes!!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Maddie, Thank you so much for such a fantastic review! Appreciate you taking the time!

  2. Clare

    5 stars
    These muffins are amazing ! They rise up so well and the flavor is Mmmmm… so delicious. I have made them 3 times now and always get the same result.
    Thanks Nisha

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Thanks for the lovely feedback, Clare!

  3. Nandini

    5 stars
    I made these using your spelt and almond flour suggestion and they turned out beautifully! The texture and crumb are A+ here and the sugar is just right. Not too sweet, perfect for an afternoon snack.

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Your positive feedback is the best reward for our hard work. Thank you, Nandini!

    2. Lamija

      Hey would you mind telling me what was the ratio of the spelt and almond flour? I would love to make these muffins, and the combo you did sounds like a perfect match for my preferences.

  4. Alli

    5 stars
    Thank you for this recipe! Making these really brightened up my rainy studyday. The muffins are, in fact, delicious and go perfectly with a cup of tea.
    Bonuspoint: The whole flat now smells amazing. :D

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome, Alli. Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review!

  5. Tessa

    5 stars
    These were SO delicious. I subbed in whole wheat flour from bobs red mill and added in an extra teaspoon or so of milk to make sure it wasn’t too dry and it worked great. Will be making these again soon.

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Thank you for your lovely comment, Tessa! It makes us happy to know that you enjoyed the recipe.

  6. Joni Shimabukuro

    I wanted to replace the flaxseed eggs with aquafaba. I’m using GF flour. Should I use 1/4 cup aquafaba to replace the flaxseed eggs?
    Should I still use 1 C oat milk or use less?
    Thank you for your reply!
    I’ve been vegan since 2020 and of all the sites with vegan recipes, yours is the best with all its helpful tips! Thank you!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Joni, we actually tested aquafaba first with this recipe and kept getting gummy and mushy results. We suggest flax eggs for the best texture.

      We’re so happy you love the recipes :)

      1. Joni Shimabukuro

        Thank you so much for your reply Kaitlin!

        1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

          You’re very welcome!

  7. Brenna

    5 stars
    This recipe is my new favorite muffin recipe! So delicious, and easy to make. I love the tip to partially fill the tray before adding the blueberries so they don’t sink!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Brenna, thank you so much for your kind review!

  8. Marianne R

    5 stars
    Absolutely perfect! Delicious flavor and not too sweet. The walnut crunch topping complements the muffin as well. I had cashew milk on hand and was the only substitute I made although I did use liners. Family loved them and I will be making another batch to send with college kids heading back to campus today!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      We’re over the moon to hear you enjoyed the recipe, Marianne. Thanks for your kind words!

  9. Taunya

    5 stars
    I’ve made these twice both times when i had company over. Both times I didn’t have blueberries, but I did have sweet dark cherries. Absolutely delicious! I definitely need to make them more often with or without company. 😋

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Thanks for sharing, Taunya! :) It’s lovely to hear you truly enjoyed the muffins.

  10. Dee-Dee

    After trying several other vegan blueberry muffin recipes with not so great results, I found this recipe. Yay!! Best recipe!! It usually makes more like 18 muffins when I make them.

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Dee-Dee, we’re thrilled to hear you enjoyed this recipe! Next time, would you mind leaving a rating alongside your review? Star ratings are big help to readers who are thinking of making the recipe. Thanks!

  11. Serena

    5 stars
    I have made this at least 5+ times, and it’s always amazing. Absolutely gorgeous, decently low-cal muffins :) Fantastic.

    Related, I will randomly pick recipes on this site and make them for non-vegan guests. And guess what, they’re ALWAYS great. I don’t think you’ve ever missed! I can’t live without these recipes; keep them coming!!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      It’s awesome to know how much you love these muffins, Serena! :)

      Thank you so much for making the RPL recipes and sharing them. It’s such a delight to hear people are enjoying them!

  12. Laurie

    5 stars
    Delicious. The lemon makes the blueberries “pop”. Moist, light and the walnut crumble add so much.

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome, Laurie. Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review!

  13. Cody R

    5 stars
    Made this again this morning for guests staying the weekend and they were the life of the breakfast table haha. I never not get compliments when I make these. Soo soo good!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome to hear the muffins were well-loved, Cody! Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review :)

  14. GL

    5 stars
    amazing recipe! i made these for a party and one of the guests was vegan so i wanted to make something everyone could enjoy… and they turned out AMAZING! the recipe was easy to follow and the results are so delicious! i didn’t end up making the walnut crumble; i replaced that with a vegan streusel instead because it was easier to make with the ingredients i had. but the muffins themselves are so fluffy and flavorful with beautiful little muffin tops! picture perfect and super yummy! i’m totally making these again just for myself! and hopefully i’ll make the walnut topping next time too!

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      That was very sweet of you to make the vegan muffins even though only one person in attendance was vegan! I’m sure that person was very grateful. It’s awesome to know that going with the vegan muffin paid off. Thanks for sharing, GL!

  15. Belinda

    5 stars
    I made these to fuel a family bike ride, everyone thought they were delicious!
    One thing I did a little different was I swapped the walnuts with pepitas, to make the remaining muffins school lunch friendly. Definitely a keeper.

    1. Kaitlin @ Rainbow Plant Life

      We appreciate your feedback and support, Belinda. Thank you for leaving a review!

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