Best Vegan Blueberry Muffins

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These bakery-style vegan blueberry muffins are fluffy, tender, and full of fresh blueberry flavor. And a crunchy and caramelized bountiful muffin top separates them from your standard blueberry muffin. Easy to make GF.
Prep 25 mins
Cook 23 mins
Total 48 mins
5 from 40 votes

Pillowy, tender, and bursting with a generous amount of juicy blueberries and zippy lemon, these Vegan Blueberry Muffins are sure to become a favorite in your household.

With their bountiful muffin tops and a crunchy and caramelized walnut crumble topping, these are next-level bakery-style muffins that are a step above your standard muffin.

Bonus: they’re easy to make gluten-free (and they’re neither gummy nor dry!) and they freeze perfectly.

Table of Contents
1. Why this recipe works
2. Ingredient notes
3. Step-by-step instructions
4. Expert tips
5. Frequently Asked Questions
6. Recipe card

vegan blueberry muffin with bite shot on parchment paper with other muffins in background.

Why this recipe works

These muffins are fluffy and moist.

Muffins, especially vegan muffins, can often be too chewy or dense. To avoid that, I use a mix of vegan “buttermilk” and a good amount of leavening agents for lots of fluffiness. Creamy oat milk, a generous amount of blueberries, and brown sugar in addition to cane sugar all give the muffins the right amount of moisture.

These are bakery-style muffins.

These muffins rise high, have a bountiful muffin top with an irresistible crumble topping, and perfectly golden browned muffin sides and bottoms. To achieve all that, this recipe does the following:

First, we fill the muffin tins to the top with batter, which yields a large (but not too large) and glorious muffin. If you fill to just 2/3 or 3/4 full as many recipes instruct, you get smaller muffins.

Second, adding a walnut-brown sugar crumble topping takes muffins to the next level, adding a crunchy, almost caramelized texture that contrasts wonderfully with the tender, fluffy muffin bottoms.

Third, not lining your pan with muffin liners gets you smooth edges and a golden brown exterior, instead of soggy and pale ridged edges.

Finally, starting the muffins in a hot oven at 425ºF, then reducing the temperature to 350ºF (without opening the oven door) jumpstarts the leavening agents. This yields higher-rising muffins with a bit of crunchy top yet a soft, tender middle.

There are blueberries in every bite.

Berry muffins are sometimes unevenly distributed, with most of the berry action concentrated at the bottom (the berries sink the bottom during baking). And lots of moisture on the bottom = soggy bottomed muffins.

Here, we scoop roughly half of the batter into muffin tins before adding the blueberries to the remaining batter, which prevents them from sinking to the bottom.

blueberry muffins with crumble topping in muffin tin, two muffins spilling out.

Ingredient notes

labeled ingredients for vegan blueberry muffins on wooden board.

Fresh blueberries. Blueberries are in abundance right now and are SO delicious here. Be sure to rinse and dry them well before adding them to the batter to avoid excess moisture. If using frozen berries, read the FAQ tip.

Vegan butter. The best muffins (and cakes) in my experience use a combination of oil and butter. Oil keeps them moist, while (vegan) butter brings the flavor. Muffins made with just oil are usually a bit lacking in flavor.

All-purpose flour. Brings the structure that vegan, egg-free muffins need. If you have a gluten allergy, check out the FAQ section for a gluten-free substitute (we tested it and it works great!).

Brown sugar + cane sugar. Adding some brown sugar adds more moisture and flavor than using just white sugar.

Lemons. A blueberry muffin is already delicious, but a blueberry muffin with zippy, fragrant lemon zest is even better. Adding the zest of two lemons, first to the batter and then in the topping, makes for an extra flavorful muffin.

Walnuts. These, along with brown sugar, add a nutty crumble topping that takes these muffins from good to great. If allergic to tree nuts, you can omit the topping or you can try using rolled oats instead.

Step-by-step instructions

Make the crumble topping. In a bowl, combine the finely chopped walnuts, brown sugar, lemon zest, and salt. Stir together until well combined.

Whisk together the dry ingredients in a medium bowl: flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, nutmeg, brown sugar, and cane sugar.

Whisk together the wet ingredients in a large bowl: oat milk mixed with lemon juice, zest of one lemon, flax eggs, melted vegan butter, oil, vanilla and almond extracts.

Add the dry ingredients to the wet. Use a silicone spatula to gently combine the ingredients until just combined. Don’t overmix!

The muffin batter should be quite thick, almost scoopable (see photo 7). Spoon a heaping tablespoon of the batter into each greased muffin tin—you’ll only be adding roughly half of the batter to the muffin tin at this time (photo 8).

Now, add the blueberries to the remaining muffin batter in the bowl, and fold gently with a silicone spatula.

Fill each muffin tin with the leftover blueberry muffin batter to the top. Sprinkle the crumbling topping onto each muffin.

Bake the muffins at 425ºF/218ºC for 6 minutes. Without opening the oven door, reduce the temperature to 350ºF/175ºC and keep baking for an additional 16 to 18 minutes, until a toothpick inserted inside the muffins comes out clean or with a few crumbs.

vegan blueberry muffins in muffin tin, with two muffins removed and filled with blueberries.

Tips for the best vegan blueberry muffins

Weigh your ingredients (or spoon and level your flour).

If you don’t use a scale to weigh out ingredients (the preferred method for baking), be sure to correctly measure the flour: spoon the flour out of its bag or container into a measuring cup. Once the flour mounds at the top of the measuring cup, level it off evenly with a knife.

Don’t overmix the batter.

Where a tender texture is desired in a baked good, you want to avoid mixing the batter too much. Just 15 to 20ish strokes with a silicone spatula or wooden spoon should be enough to incorporate the dry and wet ingredients. No need for an electric mixer.

Muffin batter should be thick and scoopable.

Muffin batter is thicker than cake batter, but not quite as thick as cookie dough. Check out step photo #7 above to see how thiccc it should be. For some reason, if your batter isn’t that thick, you can add a bit more flour and stir to combine gently.

Spray the muffin tins generously and skip the muffin liners.

I don’t like using muffin liners for a few reasons:

(1) Muffin liners prevent the sides from browning and instead make them ridged and often soggy.

(2) The liners often stick to the muffin, so you lose some muffin on the liner.

(3) Liners actually inhibit the muffins from rising to their true potential.

If you generously grease a nonstick muffin pan with cooking spray (I use avocado oil spray) or brush it with oil, there will be no sticking and you’ll be rewarded with perfect textured muffins. I promise! This is the muffin tin I use (affiliate link).

As you see in the step photos #8-10 above, you will likely see some extra oil or cooking spray on the top of the pan. I like to leave it there, as it makes it easier to remove the baked muffins from the tin.

Don’t open the oven door during baking.

Opening the oven door during baking even for a couple seconds can reduce the oven temperature significantly. This is especially a no-no during the first half of baking, when the muffins do most of their rising. Resist any temptation you might have to peek on the muffins to see how they’re doing!

Don’t let muffins cool in the pan too long

You should remove the baked muffins from the pan after 20 minutes (or 30 minutes, if you must). If you leave them in the pan too long after baking, they can develop super sad soggy bottoms.

Make a double batch and freeze them.

When blueberries are in season, I highly recommend making a double batch and freezing leftovers. was shocked when I tasted one of these defrosted muffins. The blueberry flavor was more concentrated and delicious than the fresh muffins! Of course, the texture is not 100% the same, but they’re still excellent.

flatlay of vegan blueberry muffins on linen with middle muffin sliced open to show texture.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I make these muffins gluten-free?

In our testing, we had great results with the following changes to the recipe:

(1) Use 1 1/2 cups (200g) of a 1:1 all-purpose gluten-free flour (use a blend with xanthan gum; we used Bob’s Red Mill 1:1 gluten-free all-purpose flour) and 1 1/4 cups (136g) of oat flour instead of the all-purpose flour.

(2) Use less liquid: 1 cup (240 mL) oat milk instead of 1 1/4 cups.

(3) Allow to rest in the muffin tins for slightly longer, 25 to 30 minutes. Exercise care when removing the muffins, as they’re a bit more delicate.

How can I make these muffins more wholesome?

You can replace 3/4 cup (94g) of the all-purpose flour with 3/4 cup almond flour (75g). Or sub all of the all-purpose flour with white spelt flour, or use 2 cups (224g) spelt flour and 3/4 cup (75g) blanched almond flour.

You can also reduce the overall sugar amount from 25 to 50% (FYI these muffins aren’t very sweet as is). You can also sub coconut sugar for the cane sugar and brown sugar but the muffins may not be as moist, as coconut sugar is drier. You might want to sub in 1 tablespoon of maple syrup instead.

Can I use frozen blueberries?

Fresh berries will be best, but if you don’t have access to them or if it’s winter, be sure to thaw them first. Rinse them a few times (read here on why rinsing frozen blueberries for muffins is helpful here). Drain most of the liquid that the berries release to avoid watering down the batter too much and pat dry with some towels.

Can I replace the oat milk with another plant-based milk?

We’ve tried these muffins with soy milk with good results. I tend to use oat milk in baking because it browns the best.

How should I store these muffins? Can I freeze them?

Berry muffins will stay good in an airtight container or bag on the counter for 2 to 3 days, or in the fridge for 5 to 6 days. And yes, these muffins freeze exceptionally well! Once cooled, add them to an airtight freezer-safe bag or container and freeze for up to 3 months. Defrost in the fridge or at room temperature.

closeup of vegan blueberry muffins with walnut brown sugar crumble in muffin tin.

More delicious vegan breakfast recipes

Obviously, these muffins are great on their own, but if you’re looking for a breakfast pairing, I recommend my High-Protein Mocha Latte or Golden Milk Turmeric Latte.

If you’re serving weekend brunch, an epic vegan brunch spread would include my perfect Tofu Scramble, a big green salad (or choose from a variety of salads), and these blueberry muffins.

If you love these Vegan Blueberry Muffins as much as we do, please rate and review the recipe below :) And I love seeing your remakes, so tag me on Instagram!

Vegan Blueberry Muffins

5 from 40 votes
These bakery-style vegan blueberry muffins are fluffy, tender, and full of fresh blueberry flavor. And a crunchy and caramelized bountiful muffin top separates them from your standard blueberry muffin. Easy to make GF.
Prep Time: 25 mins
Cook Time: 23 mins
Total Time: 48 mins
Cuisine: American
Diet Vegan, Vegetarian
Serving size: 12 muffins

Ingredients

  • 8 ounces (227g) fresh blueberries* (about 1 ½ cups)
  • 2 tablespoons ground flaxseed meal
  • 1 1/4 cups (300 mL) oat milk
  • 1 medium lemon, zested + 1 tablespoon juice
  • 2 3/4 cups (345g) all-purpose flour, spooned and leveled (see Notes for GF option)**
  • 2 ¼ teaspoons baking powder
  • ¼ teaspoon baking soda
  • ½ teaspoon fine sea salt
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg (optional, adds more depth of flavor)
  • ½ cup (100g) organic cane sugar
  • ¼ cup (38g) loosely packed organic brown sugar
  • 3 tablespoons neutral-flavored oil (sunflower oil, avocado oil, canola oil, etc.)
  • 3 tablespoons (42g) vegan butter, melted (recommended, but can use more oil)
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • ¼ teaspoon almond extract (or just sub in an extra ½ tsp of vanilla)

Walnut Crumble

  • cup (37g) walnuts, finely chopped
  • cup (52g) organic brown sugar
  • 1 medium lemon, zested
  • Pinch of sea salt

Instructions

  • Wash and dry your blueberries in a towel. You want them to be dry before using.
  • Preheat the oven to 425ºF/218ºC. Grease a standard 12-cup muffin tin on the bottoms and sides with coconut oil or cooking spray–be generous to avoid sticking.***
  • In a small bowl, whisk together the flaxseed meal and 5 tablespoons of warm water. Set aside for 10 to 15 minutes to gel up.
  • Zest the lemon and set the zest aside for step 6. Juice the lemon and add one tablespoon of juice to the oat milk ("buttermilk"). Stir and set aside for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Make the Walnut Crumble: In a small bowl, mix the finely chopped walnuts, brown sugar, zest of 1 lemon, and pinch of salt until well combined.
  • In a medium bowl, whisk together the dry ingredients: flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, nutmeg, cane sugar, and the 1/4 cup brown sugar.
    In a large bowl, whisk together the wet ingredients: buttermilk, lemon zest, prepared flax eggs, oil, melted butter, vanilla, and almond extract.
    Add the dry ingredients to the wet, using a silicone spatula or wooden spoon and stir until just combined, but do not over mix.****
    Do not mix in the blueberries at this point.
  • Drop a heaping tablespoonful of the batter into the bottom of each muffin cup, making sure to cover the bottom of the tin. You'll only add roughly half of the batter to the muffin tins at this time.
  • Now, add the blueberries to the remaining batter in the bowl and use a silicone spatula to gently fold them in. Divide the blueberry muffin batter evenly into the muffin cups, filling to the top. Sprinkle the Walnut Crumble evenly over each muffin.
  • Bake at 425ºF/218ºC for 6 minutes, or until muffins have risen nicely. Then, without opening the oven door, reduce the heat to 350ºF/175ºC.
    Bake for another 16 to 18 minutes, or until a toothpick comes out clean or with a few crumbs.
  • Transfer to a cooling rack and cool for 20 minutes. Use a small offset spatula or butter knife to loosen the muffins. Store cooled muffins in an airtight container on the counter for 2 to 3 days, or in the fridge for 5 to 6 days, or up to 3 months in the freezer.

Notes

* If using frozen blueberries, rinse them a few times and drain most of the liquid to avoid watering down the batter too much. Pat dry with some towels. 
**I highly recommend using a digital scale for weighing ingredients when baking. If not, be sure to use the spoon-and-level method to avoid over-measuring flour. 
** To make these muffins gluten-free: 
  • Swap the AP flour with a mix of 1 1/2 cups (200g) of a 1:1 all-purpose gluten-free flour + 1 1/4 cups (136g) of oat flour. 
  • Use just 1 cup (240 mL) of oat milk. 
*** Generously greasing the muffin tins, instead of using muffin liners, yields a better texture and higher-rising muffins. But if using liners, skip the greasing step. 
**** The muffin batter should be thick and scoopable. 

Calories: 293kcal | Carbohydrates: 49g | Protein: 4g | Fat: 10g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 5g | Monounsaturated Fat: 2g | Trans Fat: 1g | Sodium: 242mg | Potassium: 123mg | Fiber: 3g | Sugar: 23g | Vitamin A: 67IU | Vitamin C: 11mg | Calcium: 107mg | Iron: 2mg

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82 comments on Best Vegan Blueberry Muffins

  1. Holly Kinahan

    5 stars
    Absolutely delicious! The crumb topping is essential for that crunch sweet texture. Will definitely be making these again. Perfection!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Thanks for the lovely feedback, Holly!

  2. Silvia

    Hi Nisha and everybody, these muffins look glamourous! I will try them as soon as I have all the ingredients.

    My daughter is a celiac and whenever I see wrong or misleading information I must comment. Oat milk and oat flour are NOT automatically glutenfree. You have to purchase specific gf oat products if you want a safe recipe, meal etc. for celiacs.
    (oat has no gluten, but a kind of protein that acts like it in celiacs).

    Hope you are all doing well.
    Hugs
    Silvia

  3. Robin

    5 stars
    They rose! Usually my vegan baking attempts have been very heavy and flat, but not these! Light and fluffy! I think I would bake them just a bit longer next time. Though done they were not very browned. I also had to leave the house, with them cooling the pan, which made them maybe softer than they would have been had I removed them when the recipe called for it. Happy with the crumbled topping, yum.

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Great to hear you enjoyed the muffins, Robin! Thanks for sharing your experience :)

  4. Deb Z

    Hi Nisha!
    I have a muffin top pan. How long would I bake these? Basically making tops. Recipe looks great. My husband won’t stop bothering me to make these!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Deb, we aren’t sure because we haven’t ever used a muffin top pan ourselves. On this article it says “Because the batter is not as deep, it takes less time to bake muffin tops. Reduce the baking time for your regular muffin recipe by about a third. For most recipes and mixes, baking at 375 degrees for 15 to 16 minutes was about right.” Hope that helped!

      1. Deb Z

        Thank you!

        1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

          You’re welcome!

  5. Faith

    Do you have a recipe for blueberry muffins with almond flour. Or can I sub all purpose flour instead ofall purpose

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Faith, You can replace 3/4 cup (94g) of the all-purpose flour with 3/4 cup almond flour (75g). Or sub all of the all-purpose flour with white spelt flour, or use 2 cups (224g) spelt flour and 3/4 cup (75g) blanched almond flour. We hope you get the chance to make the muffins!

  6. Barbara

    Hi, I’d love to make these fantastic looking muffins here in the U.K The problem I have is I don’t use any fat or oil…..
    Any suggestions?

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Barbara, fat is an essential component of this recipe. Sorry :/

  7. Alain

    I’m diabetic, so what would I’ll be able to change in your recipe to get below 45g of carbohydrates ?

    Thank you if you can suggest something.

    Alain

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi Alain, You can replace 3/4 cup (94g) of the all-purpose flour with 3/4 cup almond flour (75g).

      You can also reduce the overall sugar amount from 25 to 50% (FYI these muffins aren’t very sweet as is). You can also sub coconut sugar for the cane sugar and brown sugar but the muffins may not be as moist, as coconut sugar is drier. You might want to sub in 1 tablespoon of maple syrup instead.

      Good luck!

  8. Bre

    5 stars
    Delicious! My kids said I should make them again. My husband said it was the best muffin he has ever had from a store or homemade.

    I used soy milk instead of oat, pecans instead of walnuts, vanilla extract instead of almond and all oil instead of butter. I left out the lemon zest and most of the nutmeg as we didn’t have a lemon and nutmeg isn’t one of our families favorite flavors.

    Thank you for a great recipe!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Bre, So glad to hear the family loved this recipe!

  9. Michelle

    5 stars
    Wow. I made these yesterday and they are absolutely delicious! I was even able to use stevia and stevia brown sugar blend to replace the sugars and they still came out beautifully. I will 100% be making these again and again. Thank you for always sharing your amazing recipes!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Thanks for the lovely feedback, Michelle!

  10. Amy

    5 stars
    A great recipe—I’m so impressed with how delicious these are. Mine tasted amazing but came out lighter than the photos (but I am confident it’s something I did). Do you have any tips on how I could get that nice browned color next time?

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      So glad you love them, Amy! One reason your muffins could have come out lighter is the position they were placed in the oven. We found this article online that may be helpful to you!

  11. Nina

    Thank you so much for this recipe! The muffins were some of the best blueberry muffins I ever tasted! I was wondering, could one make these muffins in a smaller pan and basically end up with “mini-muffins”? If so, how would you change the baking time? Thanks a lot again!! :)

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Hi there Nina, it depends on the size of the muffins but we recommend starting with half the amount of time, and continue in small increments until a toothpick comes out clean or with a few crumbs.

  12. Kylie

    5 stars
    These are so frigging good! I made a batch to give out as party favors at my 4th of July get together but I’m legitimately worried my husband and I will eat them all ourselves before our guests even get here.

    1. Nisha

      LOL this makes me laugh and also smile. I hope you enjoyed them, and maybe your guests did too?

  13. Grace Franklin

    5 stars
    I recently made these and they turned out so great!! One little change I made was mixing the sugar and zest that goes into the batter together first. I rubbed the zest into the sugar, helping to bring out even more of the lemon oil! I’ve seen this in other lemony recipes. I then added the zesty sugar to the liquids.

    1. Nisha

      This is a brilliant idea, thanks for sharing this tip, Grace. Glad you loved the muffins :)

  14. Jesse

    5 stars
    Of all the things I love about Rainbow Plant Life recipes, number one is that they don’t settle for the average. So many of the blueberry muffins recipes are just basic. Where are the gourmet muffins for adult palates?

    Well, here they are. These were easy to make (I let my five year old assist me) and they still have enough sweetness to satisfy any kids in your life. But they’re also the kind of muffin you bring to work and make your (adult) coworkers ooh and ahh. I assure you, they will not believe (1) you made these and (2) they’re vegan.

    tl;dr: 10 stars, will make again, the walnut crumble is so good.

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Aw, thanks for the awesome review Jesse! So glad to hear the muffins were a hit with the whole family :)

  15. Jas

    5 stars
    I just made these using the fresh blueberries my father picked this week, and my mom said “This is the best muffin I’ve ever had.” I agree! I made a mess in the kitchen but it was worth it. I love the combination of blueberries and lemons. (I also made the blueberry-lemon chia jam from your Instant Pot cookbook and it is excellent!)

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome, Jas. Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review!

  16. Pauline

    5 stars
    By no means, I’m a baker. When I read the ingredients in this recipe, I was excited because I had it all. This time, I made sure to have every ingredient ready and measured before starting. It’s one of the best muffins I have had, and certainly the best one I’ve made. I wanted to use up the frozen berries I already had in hand, and I’m so glad you emphasized the need to rinse off the blueberries and remove as much water as possible so the muffins aren’t soggy. I only made one batch, but as soon as I have time, I’m going to make a few batches. My fiance and I devoured them, and my friends loved them, too. Thanks again for your yummy recipes, Nisha!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome, Pauline. Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review!

  17. Kaz

    5 stars
    The best muffins ever, and so much easier than I expected crumble muffins to be! I made a double batch and gave some to friends and we all loved them!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Awesome, Kaz. Thanks for your comment and for taking the time to review!

  18. Olivia

    5 stars
    Just finished making these and they are phenomenal. I had two and my teeth are blue now, haha. When one of your recipes says it’s “the best” of anything, it’s ALWAYS true. Thanks for another amazing recipe for the rotation!

    1. Support @ Rainbow Plant Life

      Aw, thank you for the wonderful compliment Olivia! We are so happy to hear you enjoyed the muffins :)

  19. baking-at-altitude

    Any adjustments you would suggest for baking this at altitude?

    1. Nisha

      Hi there, I’ve never lived at higher altitudes, so I’m not sure. But you may find this article from Epicurious helpful—it includes suggested adaptations for muffins: https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/high-altitude-baking-tips-article

  20. CC

    Can’t wait to make these! Just want to confirm I’m using the right muffin tin. Usually the ones with 12 make mini muffins correct? Would like to make muffins on the bigger side (like you’d get at a cafe) but I would imagine cook times etc would be different.

    1. Nisha

      Hi CC, I use a standard 12-cup muffin tin. I’m linking mine here for reference. https://amzn.to/3OMHXtQ

      It is not a mini muffin tin. Usually, at least here in the U.S., mini muffin tins are 24-cup, not 12-cup. Here’s an example: https://amzn.to/3OMROQE

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